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Patient Information Leaflet: Estrogen as a Feminising Hormone

What is Estrogen?
Estrogen is a naturally occurring hormone found in both cisgender (non-transgender) and transgender individuals. In gender-affirming care, estrogen is commonly prescribed to transgender women and individuals assigned male at birth (AMAB) to promote the development of feminine physical characteristics and align their external appearance with their gender identity.

How Does Estrogen Work?
Estrogen plays a significant role in the development and maintenance of female secondary sexual characteristics. When used as part of gender-affirming care, estrogen helps initiate changes in the body that are typically associated with femininity.

Using Estrogen for Gender-Affirming Care:
For transgender women and AMAB individuals seeking feminisation, estrogen therapy can be a crucial component of their gender-affirming journey. The goal is to develop a more feminine appearance and alleviate gender dysphoria.

Administration of Estrogen:
Estrogen can be administered in various forms, including oral tablets, transdermal patches, injections, creams, and gels. The choice of administration method depends on individual preferences, medical considerations, and healthcare provider recommendations.

Potential Changes and Effects of Estrogen:
The introduction of estrogen into the body may lead to various physical and emotional changes over time, including:

  • Breast development
  • Softening of skin
  • Reduction in body hair
  • Redistribution of body fat
  • Decreased muscle mass
  • Changes in mood and emotions

Dosage and Monitoring:
The dosage of estrogen and the frequency of administration will be determined by your healthcare provider based on your specific needs and goals. Regular monitoring of hormone levels and overall health is essential to ensure the safe and effective use of estrogen.

Potential Side Effects and Considerations:
While estrogen therapy is generally safe, it may be associated with some side effects, which are the same effects experienced by cisgender women:

  • Blood clots (rare)
  • Elevated blood pressure (rare)
  • Changes in cholesterol levels
  • Mood swings or emotional changes

It is crucial to discuss any concerns or side effects with your healthcare provider during your treatment.

Estrogen is a fundamental component of gender-affirming care for transgender women and AMAB individuals seeking feminization. It can help bring about the physical changes that align with one’s gender identity.

Always maintain open communication regarding your goals, concerns, and any side effects you may experience during your hormone therapy journey.

For any questions or concerns about estrogen therapy or your gender-affirming care, consult your healthcare provider for personalised guidance and support.

[Disclaimer: This information is for educational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Please consult a doctor for personalised recommendations and treatment plans.]

Updated on January 21, 2024

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